The New Education Policy of India also known as National Educational Policy has been passed by the Union Cabinet of India on 29 July 2020. This change in the Education Policy of India has been taken after 34 years and was quite necessary to enhance the outdated reforms of the policy framed in 1986.
The New Education Policy aims at improving the quality of education along with universalization so that India can achieve the mark of 100% gross enrollment ratio by 2030. The most important highlights of this new policy include- 5+3+3+4 system, no compulsion of English till class 5th students can study in their mother tongue or regional language, the common entrance test for all universities, a single regulating body for higher education institutions except for law and medicine.
Some Major Highlights from New Education Policy
1. The 5+3+3+4 Education System
The 10+2 System of schooling education framed in National Education Policy 1986 is replaced by a 5+3+3+4 system which included 12 years of schooling education and 3 years of pre-schooling education. This will bring the children from 3 years of age in formal schooling education for the first time. This new design of 5+3+3+4 year design corresponds to the 3-8 years group, 8-11 years group, 11-14 years group, and 14-18 years group.
2. Education from 3 years
As per this New Education Policy, students from 3 years of age can be a part of formal education with Early Childhood and Care Education (ECCE). This will be formulated by providing education through Anganwadis combined with primary schools in which specially trained teachers would be teaching the curriculum as per the instructions of ECCE.
3. Bal Bhavans
In every district there would a special day time boarding school for children, to participate in extra co-curricular activities like painting, games, and all for the enjoyment of children.
4. Enhancement of Libraries
More focus would be driven in the promotion of libraries by passing a National Book Promotion Policy to ensure the availability, accessibility of quality books across the country.
5. Evaluation of Performance
Assessment of the students is not going to be done solely on the basis of academic records but a new national assessment center is going to be set up as PAREKH stands for Performance, Assessment, Review, Analysis of Knowledge to make sure that holistic development of students.
6. Teaching in local or regional language
Up to class 5, the local regional language or the mother tongue will be the medium for teaching in all the schools as per the New Education Policy. Sanskrit and other foreign languages will be introduced from the secondary levels of studies.
7. Academic Credits
All the students will be gaining academic credits every year for their higher education from all Higher Education Institutions. That will be stored digitally so that it can be totaled and used at the time of degree completed. These credits will further be used at the time if the students want to resume their education after a certain gap. More clarification is yet to come on this scheme to get to know about this complete credit system.
8. Entry and Exit of Higher Education
You will not be called as a drop out if you left your higher education in between, there will be multiple entry and exit points for higher education that makes higher education quite flexible in coming years. It means that you can even leave higher education after the first year with a certificate of first-year and specific credit points. For completion of the second year, you will get a diploma, for 3rd year a bachelor’s degree, and for 4th year bachelor’s with research, that’s how higher education is going to be as per the New Education Policy.
9. Foreign Universities in India
As per the New Education Policy, foreign universities are welcomed to set up their campuses in India, this internationalization can be done both through collaborations as well as the student and the teachers’ mobility. This decision will definitely help in raising the standards of Indian Education by competing with the Top Ranked Universities in the world.
10. Common Entrance Exam for Universities across India
The National Testing Agency will conduct the Entrance Exam for all the Universities across India. NTA already conducts some top-level engineering exams like JEE Mains, UGC NET, NEET, and others.