As we all know that India has the largest democracy in the world and our constituent assembly took around 3 years for writing the constitution for independent India. Since 1947, a total of 15 Prime Ministers has had elected in India including Gulzarilal Nanda who was elected twice. In India, the major decision-making authority with respect to the country is within the hands of the Prime Minister. So the responsibility of taking rough and tough decisions also lies upon the shoulders of the Prime Minister. Developing countries like India face so many ups and downs like we are facing right now in the face of the global pandemic. These situations take the test of the sensibility of the Prime Minister where there one wrong decision can cause very serious damage to the whole country.
So today we are going to list down the important and bold decisions of our Prime Ministers till now.
Bold Decisions taken by our Prime Ministers
1. Jawaharlal Nehru (1947-1964)
1. May 1947, declared that any princely state who refused to abide by the decisions of the Constituent Assembly will be considered as an enemy state.
2. Adoption of the constitution of India on 26 January 1950.
3. Language Policy- Adoption of Hindi as an official language of India.
4. Abolishment of large landholdings.
5. Establishment of Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), and National Institutes of Technology (NITs).
6. The signing of the Five Principles of Peace and Coexistence between India and China.
2. Lal Bahadur Shastri (1964-1966)
1. White Revolution in India- A national campaign to increase the production and supply of milk
2. Slogan- Jai Jawan Jai Kisan that immensely raised the position and stature of farmers and soldiers in India.
3. The signing of an agreement with the Sri Lankan Prime Minister under which 600,000 Indian Tamils were deported back to India and 375,000 were to be given the citizenship of Sri Lanka.
3. Indira Gandhi (1966-1977)
1. Nationalization of Indian Banks.
2. Authorization of development of the Nuclear Program in 1967.
3. Operation Blue Star for the abolition of Sikh Terrorism.
4. State of emergency from 1975-1977 when basic civil liberties were suspended and the press was censored.
4. Morarji Desai
1. The devastation of Research and Analysis Wing (RA&W), India’s external intelligence agency.
2. Continuation of development of the Nuclear Program of India.
5. Rajiv Gandhi (1984-1989)
1. Enactment of the anti-defection law under which the elected member of Parliament or Legislative Assembly could not join opposition until the next election.
2. Nullified the decision of the Supreme Court by passing a special Bill on the Shah Bano’s case.
3. The decision for releasing the leaders of the Akali Dal that were imprisoned during 1984.
4. The signing of the Indo-Sri Lanka Accord in 1987 under which it was promised to provide to certain powers to Tamil majority states.
6. Atal Bihari Vajpayee (1998-2004)
1. Operation Vijay (Kargil War) where the Indian Army invaded the Pakistani Army was let under Mr. Vajpayee.
2. Completion of India’s Nuclear tests.
7. Manmohan Singh (2004-2014)
1. Economic Policy 1991 (Liberalization, Privatization, and Globalization).
2. Foundation of National Rural Health Mission.
3. Strengthening India’s Anti-Terror Laws.
4. Creation of the National Investigation Agency (NIA).
5. Passing of National Rural Employment Act (NREGA).
8. Narendra Modi (2014- Present)
2. Abolishment of various sales taxes by introducing GST.
3. Surgical Strike against Pakistan Terrorism.
4. Swacch Bharat Abhiyaan.
5. Startup India Action Plan.
6. Make in India
7. Digital India
8. Revocation of Article 370 and Article 35A.
9. Revocation of instant 3 Talaq under the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill 2017.
Read also- Narendra Modi Biography
Disclaimer– The list does not contain the names of all the Prime Ministers, the purpose of this blog is to provide information only not to hurt anyone.